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A coronavirus-fueled shutdown of bars, nightclubs and other drinking venues around the world hammered sales for Anheuser-Busch InBev SA in the first quarter, a trend the Budweiser brewer warned would get much worse before it gets better.
AB InBev, the world's largest brewer, reported sharply lower volumes for the quarter as sales in China were badly hit by the coronavirus pandemic, starting in late January when parts of the country went into lockdown. Since then, the U.S., Brazil and many other major beer markets have gone into lockdown, too, as the virus spread. AB InBev said it expects the impact from this on its second-quarter results to be "materially worse" than its first.
The brewer's global volumes dropped by 32% in April, a far steeper decline than the 9.3% drop it reported for the first quarter, which ended March 31. It didn't issue financial guidance for the rest of the year.
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Still, the company, which makes one out of every four beers sold globally, flagged signs of a recovery in China. Volumes in April were down just 17% from the previous April. That compares with a first-quarter decline of 46.5% from the year-earlier quarter. It also reported higher sales in the quarter in the U.S., where consumers have been buying far more booze to drink at home, offsetting a slump from sales at bars and other out-of-home channels.
Buoyed by those two key markets, AB InBev shares were trading up almost 3% in midmorning Europe trading.
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The U.S. has been a relative bright spot for global brewers, with 80% of industry sales on average made through grocery and liquor stores rather than the other out-of-home channels. Recent data from research firm Nielsen showed alcohol sales in stores outstripping growth in overall consumer-goods products.
By contrast, in countries like Colombia and Brazil, AB InBev relies on bars, clubs and restaurants for more than 50% of its volumes.
Overall for the quarter, the brewer swung to a loss of $2.25 billion compared with a profit of $3.57 billion a year earlier. Results were dragged lower by a large mark-to-market loss tied to the hedging of its share-based employee payment programsas the company's share price tumbled in the quarter. That was almost double the mark-to-market gain it saw a year earlier.
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Revenue fell 5.8% on an organic basis to $11 billion, lower than the 5.4% drop analysts had expected.
In the U.S., AB InBev said net sales grew 1.9% but its brands' overall market share dropped by 50 basis points in the quarter. While hard seltzer sales have surged, AB InBev's stable of brands including Bud Light Seltzer, is smaller and launched later than rival brands.
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The company said consumers continued to choose premium over mainstream beer even as they buy larger packs to drink at home. It said drinkers are opting for its bigger brands, a trend flagged by other food makers like Nestlé SA and Kraft Heinz Co. Both have said consumers are reaching for familiar brands amid the uncertainty wrought by the pandemic.
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The results come after rival Molson Coors Brewing Co. last week reported net sales dropped 8.7% for the quarter and warned that the uplift from grocery and liquor stores wouldn't be enough to offset the slump at bars and restaurants, dragging on sales through at least the end of the year.