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The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is seeking to reform its deposit insurance system in the wake of recent instability at multiple U.S. banks.
FDIC, a state-owned corporation responsible for insuring commercial and savings banks, is proposing three possible restructuring plans for future operations.
"The recent failures of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank, and the decision to approve Systemic Risk Exceptions to protect the uninsured depositors at those institutions, raised fundamental questions about the role of deposit insurance in the United States banking system," said FDIC Chairman Martin J. Gruenberg in a statement.
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FDIC representatives Luis Mayorga and Igor Fayermark speak with customers outside of the Silicon Valley Bank headquarters in Santa Clara, California, March 13, 2023. (Reuters/Brittany Hosea-Small / Fox News)
"This report is an effort to place these recent developments in the context of the history, evolution, and purpose of deposit insurance since the FDIC was created in 1933," Gruenberg continued.
FDIC proposed three options in their report – limited coverage, unlimited coverage and targeted coverage.
Limited coverage, which is the current FDIC system, would require "maintaining the current deposit insurance framework, which provides insurance to depositors up to a specified limit (possibly higher than the current $250,000 limit) by ownership rights and capacities."
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation building in Virginia on March 17, 2023. (Celal Gunes/Anadolu Agency via / Getty Images)
Unlimited coverage would allow the FDIC to "[extend] unlimited deposit insurance coverage to all depositors."
Targeted coverage, the option the FDIC most supports, would mean "offering different deposit insurance limits across account types, where business payment accounts receive significantly higher coverage than other accounts."
All three of the proposed options would require congressional action.
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A pedestrian walks past a First Republic Bank in San Francisco. (Jeff Chiu / AP Newsroom)
The FDIC accepted a bid from JPMorgan Chase Bank to assume all deposits of First Republic Bank, the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI) announced early Monday morning.
The San Francisco-based bank has struggled since the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank in early March, and it was widely seen as the bank most likely to collapse next.